Cedar Creek
Ecosystem Science Reserve

Insects of Cedar Creek


(Leafhoppers, Aphids, etc.)

Family Tree

The Homoptera (6229 NA spp) are abundantly represented at Cedar Creek. More than 16 families representing nearly 300 species have been collected. All have a piercing beak which they use to feed upon plant juices (xylem, phloem), and many are quite host specific. The Cicadellidae (Leafhoppers) are the most commonly encountered. Other families include the Membracidae (Treehoppers), Cercopidae (Spittle Bugs), Cicadidae (cicadas),  and the superfamily FULGOROIDEA (Planthoppers). Families 1-11 are included in this group. The Acanaloniidae, Dictyopharidae, Issidae, Cixiidae, Achilidae, Flatidae, Derbidae, and Delphacidae have been collected at CCESR.  Planthoppers can be distinguished from Leafhoppers by having the antennae situated below rather than between the eyes.

This Order also includes the Psyllidae (Psyllids), Aleyrodidae (white flies), APHIDOIDEA ( Aphididae (aphids), Adelgidae, Phylloxeridae) and COCCOIDEA (scale insects--Families 22-38). Many additional species will be added when the Aphids and Scale Insects have been adequately surveyed.

Useful References include:  The Cicadellidae of Minnesota by JT Medler (1948); the Leafhoppers of Canada by Bierne (???1952 Supplement);  The Fulgoridae of Ohio by Metcalf (ca 1940), and the Aphididae of the Southeast US by ??????/
1. Family CIXIIDAE Cixiid Planthoppers
2. Family DELPHACIDAE Delphacid Planthoppers
3. Family FULGORIDAE Fulgorid Planthoppers (Not found in Minnesota)
4. Family ACHILIDAE Achilid Planthoppers
5. Family TROPIDUCHIDAE Tropiduchid Planthoppers (Not found in Minnesota)
6. Family ISSIDAE Issid Planthoppers
7. Family ACANALONIIDAE Acanaloniid Planthoppers
8. Family FLATIDAE Flatid Planthoppers
9. Family DERBIDAE Derbid Planthoppers
10. Family KINNARIDAE Kinnarid Planthoppers (Not found in Minnesota)
11. Family DICTYOPHARIDAE Dictyopharid Planthoppers
12. Family CERCOPIDAE Spittle Bugs
13. Family CICADIDAE Cicadas
14. Family CICADELLIDAE Leafhoppers
15. Family MEMBRACIDAE Treehoppers
16. Family AETALIONIDAE Aetalionid Treehopper-Ariz (Not found in Minnesota)
17. Family PSYLLIDAE Psyllids
18. Family ALEYRODIDAE White Flies
19. Family APHIDIDAE Aphids
20. Family ADELGIDAE Pine/Spruce Aphids (Not described at CCESR)
21. Family PHYLLOXERIDAE Phylloxerans (Not described at CCESR)
22. Family ORTHEZIIDAE Ensign Scales (Not described at CCESR)
23. Family MARGARODIDAE Giant Scales (Not described at CCESR)
24. Family PUTOIDAE Giant Mealybugs (Not described at CCESR)
25. Family PSEUDOCOCCIDAE Mealybugs (Not described at CCESR)
26. Family COCCIDAE Soft Scales
27. Family ACLERDIDAE Flat Grass Scales (Not described at CCESR)
28. Family DACTYLOPIIDAE Cochineal Scales (Not described at CCESR)
29. Family KERMESIDAE Gall-like Scales
30. Family CRYPTOCOCCIDAE Bark Crevice Scales (Not described at CCESR)
31. Family ERIOCOCCIDAE Felt Scales (Not described at CCESR)
32. Family TACHARDIIDAE Lac Scales (Not found in Minnesota)
33. Family LECANODIASPIDIDAE False Pit Scales (Not described at CCESR)
34. Family CEROCOCCIDAE Ornate Pit Scales (Not described at CCESR)
35. Family ASTEROLECANIIDAE Pit Scales (Not described at CCESR)
36. Family CONCHASPIDIDAE False Armored Scales (Not found in Minnesota)
37. Family PHOENICOCOCCIDAE Palm Scales (Not found in Minnesota)
38. Family DIASPIDIDAE Armored Scales (Not described at CCESR)

webmaster@cedarcreek.umn.edu Last updated May, 2000