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Citation. Lindeman, R. L. 1942. The trophic-dynamic aspect of ecology. Ecology 23(4):399-418.   [1382  CC]

Abstract. Recent progress in the study of aquatic food-cycle relationships invites a reappraisal of certain ecological tenets. Quantitative productivity data provide a basis for enunciation of certain trophic principles, which, when applied to a series of successional stages, shed new light on the dynamics of ecological succession.

Keywords. trophic-dynamic, succession

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