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Citation. Bray, J. R. 1962. Estimates of energy budgets for a typha (cattail) marsh. Science 136(3522): 1119-1120. [1247 CC]
Abstract. Yearly utilization of total solar radiation by a Typha marsh shows approximately equal allotment to reflection (albedo), evapotranspiration, and conduction-convection. Reflection during the growing season is proportionally lower because of greater light absorption by the vegetation. Photosynthesis is a negligible quantity, although in relation to visible radiation during the growing season it nearly equals reflection.
Keywords. Typha, energy budget, reflection, evapotranspiration, conduction-convection