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Citation. Craig, T. P.; Itami, J. K.; Abrahamson, W. G.; Horner, J. D. 1993. Behavioral evidence for host-race formation in Eurosta solidaginis. Evolution 47:1696-1710. [1031 LTERCC]
Abstract. We report behavioral evidence that Eurosta solidaginis, a stem-galling tephritid fly, has formed host races on its two goldenrod hosts, Solidago altissima and S. gigantea. Previous work has shown that flies from each host plant differ eletrophoretically at the level of host races. The two host-associated populations were truly sympatric and were frequently found on host plants of the two species growing interdigitated with each other. Each host-associated population demonstrated a strong preference for ovipuncturing its own host. The S. gigantea-associated population emerged 10 to 14 d earlier than the S. altissima-associated population, contributing to the reproductive isolation between populations. Partial reproductive isolation is also maintained by a preference for mating on the host from which the fly emerged. The populations meet the criteria established for host races, suggesting that they may be in an intermediate stage of sympatric speciation.
Keywords. Eurosta solidaginis, gall, herbivory, host race, sympatric speciation