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Citation. Allison, T. D. 1992. The influence of deer browsing on the reproductive biology of Canada yew (Taxus canadensis marsh.) III. Sex expression. Oecologia 89:223-228.   [1008  LTER]

Summary. Browsed Canada yew (Taxus canadensis) populations have a higher proportion of males and a lower proportion of monoecious plants than unbrowsed yew populations. The proportion of monoecious plants increases with time following protection from browsing suggesting that deer browsing causes male-biased sex expression in Canada yew. In contrast, results from comparing browsed and unbrowsed populations, exclosure studies, and browse simulation experiments indicate that strobilus ratios and phenotypic gender of browsed yews may be female-biased. In part, these results correspond to the influence of size on sex expression in Canada yew; small yews tend to be male, but if monoecious have female-biased strobilus ratios. Large yews are monoecious, but have male-biased strobilus ratios. There is, however, no consistent relationship between size and gender in Canada yew, suggesting that in some circumstances, yews shift allocation to female function in response to browsing.

Keywords. Herbivory, Taxus, Sex expression, Odocoileus, Gerder

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